UJI FITOKIMIA DAN GC-MS BUAH API-API (Avicennia marina (FORSSK.) VIERH)

  • Andrian Fernandes Babes Litbang Ekosistem Hutan Dipterokarpa
  • Rahimahyuni Fatmi Noor’an Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Ekosistem Hutan Dipterokarpa
Keywords: Api-api (Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh) fruits, phytochemical, GC-MS, Barat Muara Kaeli Research and Education Forest

Abstract

Api-api (Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh) is one of the species found in Barat Muara Kaeli Research and Education Forest. Traditionally, Api-api fruit stew water in China is used for the treatment of fever, sore throat and dysentery, while modern Api-api fruits have been used as food products. This study aims to determine the phytochemical component and predict the chemical content using GC-MS from Api-api fruit (Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh) as a basic consideration use of derivative product. The Api-api fruit was obtained from the Api-api tree at the coordinates N 0°23'55.31" and E 117°25'33.55", then macerated using 96% ethanol. The concentrated 96% ethanol maceration results were then tested for phytochemicals and GC-MS. Api-api (Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh) fruit phytochemical test results  contained flavonoids, triterpenoids and steroids. Based on GC-MS test results on Api-api (Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh) fruit contained γ-sitosterol (C29H55O) as much as 13.68%, dibutyl phthalate (C16H22O4) as much as 13.42%, Palmitic acid, ethyl esters (C18H36O2) of 7.85%, 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid, ethyl ester (C20H36O2) of 7.56% and Linolenic acid, ethyl ester (C20H34O2) of 6.33%, undecane (C11H24) of 7.25 %, 2-Propenamide, N-(1-cyclohexylethyl)  at 6.78%, and several other minor compounds.

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Published
2019-12-28
How to Cite
1.
Fernandes A, Noor’an R. UJI FITOKIMIA DAN GC-MS BUAH API-API (Avicennia marina (FORSSK.) VIERH). JIFI [Internet]. 28Dec.2019 [cited 9Jul.2020];2(2):261-70. Available from: http://jiis.akfar-isfibjm.ac.id/index.php?journal=JIFI&page=article&op=view&path[]=321
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Articles