PROFIL RENCANA KEBUTUHAN OBAT DI DINAS KESEHATAN PADA DAERAH TERTINGGAL, PERBATASAN DAN KEPULAUAN (STUDI DI KABUPATEN BELU NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR)
AbstractDrug Requirement Plan (DRP) is the basic consideration of providing drug availability in a remote area. Both types and the amount of drugs must be considered along with the drugs availability because the drugs presence is irreplaceable in health service. Therefore, drug management must be effective, efficient and in line with the needs of health services. The aim of this research is to know the profile of DRP and drug availability in remote areas. This research was conducted as descriptive research. Primary data were obtained through direct observation and conducting interview, secondary data from reviewing documents in the previous years, such as drug mutation report in IFK Belu, drug acceptance sheets as well as damaged and expired drug elimination report from 2015 until 2017. So far, DRP conducted in Belu District has been ineffective and inefficient, as observed from its drug availability which is at the very low level of “secure” category. This is due to the method used in drug requirement quantification, which has not been in accordance with the standard guidelines of DRP guidelines. One of factors affecting drug availability is the amount of drug accepted as the result of the procurement, which is not in accordance with the number discrepancy of demand and drug acceptance. There were even drugs that were not delivered at all. However, the fulfillment of DRP in accordance with the National Formulary has improved in 2015 (75,6%), in 2016 (90,7%), and in 2017 (90%). Method used in counting DRP has been ineffective and inefficient, due to nonconsistent and non-thorough implementation of the plan. One of factors causing the DRP ineffectivity is insufficient drug delivery which has not reached 100% of the amount written in the procurement. However, there is annual improvement in the implementation of National Formulary as the basic of drug selection.
Athiyah, U., Rahem ,A., Dian ,S,C.,. (2018). An Analysis of Drug Requirement Plan and Its Relationship With Anti-Hypertension Drug Availability at Community Health Center., DOI:10.21276/ijprhs.2018.04.17
Carolien, I., Fudholi, A. & Endarti, D. (2017). Evaluasi Ketersediaan Obat Sebelum dan Sesudah Implementasi JKN pada Puskesmas di Kabupaten Kerom Provinsi Papua. Jurnal Manajemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi; 7; 30-39.
Caulder, Celeste et al. 2015. Impact of Drug Shortageas on Health system Pharmacies in the Southheatern United States. Hospital Pharmacy 50(4): 279-86
Departemen Kesehatan RI. (2006). Pedoman supervisi dan Evaluasi Obat Publik dan Perbekalan Kesehatan, Cetakan Kedua, Direktorat Jenderal Pelayanan Kefarmasian dan Alat Kesehatan. Jakarta
Gregorius, N & Erna, K., 2018. Evaluasi Perencanaan Dan Pengadaan Obat Di Instalasi Farmasi RSUD Kefamenanu Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara. Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia. V (07): 147-153.
Kementerian Kesehatan RI & JICA. (2010). Materi Pelatihan Manajemen Kefarmasian di Instalasi Farmasi Kabupaten/Kota. Jakarta.
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2013). Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor HK.02.02/MENKES/523/2015 tentang Formularium Nasional.2015
Mellen RC., Pudjirahardjo WJ. Faktor Penyebab dan Kerugian Akibat Stock out dan Stagnant Obat di Unit Logistik RSU Haji Surabaya. Jurnal Administrasi Kesehatan Indonesia . 2013;1(1):99-107
Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (Kemenkes RI). (2016). Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 74 Tahun 2016 tentang standar Pelayanan Kefarmasian di Puskesmas. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
Presiden Republik Indonesia. 2011. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 24. Tahun 2011 Tentang Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional. Jakarta: Presiden Republik Indonesia
Pemerintah RI Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia, Nomor 72 tahun 2012. (2012). Sistem Kesehatan Nasional. Jakarta: Pemerintah RI.
Quick, J., Rankin, J., Laing, R., O'Connor, R., Hogerzeil, H. & Dukes, M. (1997). Managing Drug Supply, 2nd Edition, Revised and Expanded, 2nd ed. USA: Kumarin Press.
Silvania, A., Hakim, L. & Satibi. (2012). Evaluasi Kesesuaian antara Perencanaan dan Realisasi Penerimaan Obat di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Se- Kabupaten Sleman Tahun 2008-2010. Jurnal Manajemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi; 2; 90-94.
Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Ibnu Sina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.