INTERVENSI PHARMACY COACHING OLEH MAHASISWA FARMASI UNTUK PERBAIKAN TINGKAT KEPARAHAN ADIKSI PADA PASIEN NAPZA RAWAT JALAN

  • Alexxander Alexxander Universitas Gadjam Mada
  • Ika Puspitasari Departemen Farmakologi & Farmasi Klinik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • Susi Ari Kristina Departemen Farmasetik, Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • Cecep Sugeng Kristanto Departemen Psikiatri, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Severity of addiction, drug abuse, Pharmacy coaching, WHO ASSIST V 3.0

Abstract

Napza is a substance or drug that affects the body, especially the central nervous system, causing psychological disorders and social functions due to habits, addiction (addiction) and dependence. Pharmacy coaching emphasizes two-way communication tailored to the uniqueness of the individual. Pharmacy coaching interventions have the potential to reduce the severity of addiction in outpatient drug rehabilitation patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was an improvement in the severity of addiction in Napza outpatient who received pharmacy coaching intervention by pharmacy students. This research method is one group pretest-posttest design using primary and secondary data. The study was conducted in February - April 2020, at the Sambang Lihum Mental Hospital, South Kalimantan. Population are NAPZA rehabilitation patients undergoing outpatient treatment, sampling using consecutive sampling method, which meets the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Tools and instruments are data collection sheets, in the form of patient characteristics data sheets and WHO ASISST V3.0 questionnaire. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 16.0 using parametric paired t-test.  Based on the research, the results showed that pharmacy coaching interventions in outpatient NAPZA by pharmacy students, proved significant improvements to the severity of addiction. The results of pre-intervention and post-intervention value respectively were 59.75 and 19.75, with a difference in the decrease (Δ) 40 points (P = 0.001).        

References

Andreas, A.T., 2017. Metode Psikoreligious dalam Rehabilitasi (Pendidikan dan Pembinaan Korban NAPZA dan Miras). LITERASI (Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan), 7: 67–74.

Balqies, N., 2011. Metode tobat untuk penanganan korban napza dalam pembentukan kesalehan individu di Yayasan Pesantren Nurul Jannah Kebon Kopi Cikarang-Utara.

Barnett, N.L. dan Flora, K., 2017. Patient-centred consultations in a dispensary setting: A learning journey. European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 24: 107–109.

Korban, P.K., Nurhuda, T., Sekolah, P.L., Penelitian, A., Community, T., Community, T., dkk., 2013. Pendidikan Karakter Bagi Korban Penyalahgunaan Napza Dengan Metode Therapeutic Community ( Tc ) Di Panti Sosial Pamardi Putra ( Pspp ) Yogyakarta Character Education for the Victim of Napza Misuse With Therapeutic Community Method in Pamardi Putra Social 1–13.

Lonie, J.M., Austin, Z., Nguyen, R., Gill, I., dan Tsingos-Lucas, C., 2017. Pharmacist-based health coaching: A new model of pharmacist-patient care. Research in social & administrative pharmacy: RSAP, 13: 644–652.

Luder, H., Frede, S., Kirby, J., King, K., dan Heaton, P., 2016. Health Beliefs Describing Patients Enrolling in Community Pharmacy Disease Management Programs. Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 29: 374–381.

Murphy, A.L., Gardner, D.M., dan Jacobs, L.M., 2018. Patient care activities by community pharmacists in a capitation funding model mental health and addictions program. BMC Psychiatry, 18: 192.

Parekh, R., 2017. 'What Is Addiction?' American Psychiatric Association. URL: https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/addiction/what-is-addiction (diakses tanggal 20/8/2018).

Pounds, K., Offurum, A., dan Moultry, A.M., 2015. First year pharmacy students as health coach in the management of hypertension. Pharmacy Education, 15: 111–115.

Rahayu, S., Bakar, A., dan Bustamam, N., 2018. Upaya Pembinaan Pada Residen Remaja Di Rutan Jantho Cabang Lhoknga. JIMBK: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Bimbingan & Konseling, 3: .

Sholihah, Q., 2015. EFEKTIVITAS PROGRAM P4GN TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN PENYALAHGUNAAN NAPZA. KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 10: 153–159.

Singh, H.K., Kennedy, G.A., dan Stupans, I., 2018. A systematic review of pharmacy health coaching and an evaluation of patient outcomes. Research in social & administrative pharmacy : RSAP, .

Wertz, D., Hou, L., DeVries, A., Dupclay, L., McGowan, F., Malinowski, B., dkk., 2012. Clinical and Economic Outcomes of the Cincinnati Pharmacy Coaching Program for Diabetes and Hypertension. Managed Care, 44-54A.

Published
2020-10-27
How to Cite
Alexxander, A., Puspitasari, I., Kristina, S., & Kristanto, C. (2020). INTERVENSI PHARMACY COACHING OLEH MAHASISWA FARMASI UNTUK PERBAIKAN TINGKAT KEPARAHAN ADIKSI PADA PASIEN NAPZA RAWAT JALAN. Jurnal Ilmiah Ibnu Sina, 5(2), 345-357. https://doi.org/10.36387/jiis.v5i2.515
Section
Artikel